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If NAS4Free is in Alpha or Beta stage, it's then not a production release and it might contain bugs. You load valuable data onto NAS4Free at your own risk. Always backup your data and especially your configuration file. Review the NAS4Free license before working with NAS4Free.

FAQs are all aimed at NAS4Free versions 9 or higher, while many FAQs may still apply to versions < 9 we strongly recommend everyone upgrade as soon as possible. There is no good reason for anyone to be running a version below 10.3.0.3.xxxx.
If you see anything that needs correction / updating or have a contribution to make, please see How To Contribute.

Read all FAQs and you will never have to sing this song :!:


Column Headings:
Question: What you are trying to find an answer for.
Level: Refers to NAS4Free / *nix knowledge and experience.

  • Basic - You are a NAS4Free novice and have administered *nix systems for a year or less.
  • Advanced - You are on your 3rd NAS4Free server and have administered *nix systems for more than 2 years.

Category: The NAS4Free Forum area where you can find more help regarding a FAQ.
OS: The NAS4Free OS version the FAQ applies to.

You can easily search this page with your browsers' “Find” command or by using the search box in the upper right corner.

FAQs Indexed Alphabetically

Question Level Category OS
Q: After a crash, NAS4Free stops booting and I see "Run FSCK Manually" on the screen, what do I do? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒ All versions
Q: Are 4096KB sector size hard drives (4K drives, Advanced Format drives, WDEARS, WDAARS, WDAALX, WDEURS, others) supported? Basic Hard Disk & Controller ⇒ All versions
Q: Are spaces allowed in user names or passwords? If not is there a workaround? Basic Local users & groups ⇒ All versions
Q: Are there any rules, requirements or pre-requisites I should know about before I create a plug-in or extension ? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I access my data / files remotely, over the Internet, particularly my CIFS/SMB (SAMBA) shares? Advanced CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I automatically backup my data to external, USB drives that mount automatically? Advanced Scripts and shell tips ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I create a software RAID1 array from a single drive that already has data on it? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I grow a softwareRAID array from NAS4Free CLI? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I grow a softwareRAID array from NAS4Free GUI? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I grow a UFS filesystem from NAS4Free CLI? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I grow a UFS filesystem from NAS4Free GUI? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I install FreeBSD ports on NAS4Free ? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I make more than one partition on a disk? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I make more than one partition on a RAID1 array? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I mount disks/file systems using labels instead of device names? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I move a hard drive between NAS4Free and Windows and can Windows use a UFS formatted drive? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can I recover deleted files and or directories? Basic Data recovery and backups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can I sell a PC with NAS4Free installed on it? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can I upgrade from the Embedded 32bit version, installed on a hard drive, to 64bit version? Advanced Upgrade NAS4Free ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can I use an NTFS, FAT, or EXT formatted drive with NAS4Free? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I use mount_unionfs with ZFS drives? Advanced ZFS ( only! ) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can NAS4Free act as a print server? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can NAS4Free be infected by a virus, adware, malware, spyware, hacked, etc.? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can you move / transfer / migrate the same 3 or 4 or 5, RAID5 drives to another NAS4Free server and still maintain the data? Can you do this for SoftRAID1? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Do I need a php WebGUI interface to use a FreeBSD ports installed in NAS4Free? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Do NAS4Free versions > 9.0.0.1 support iSCSI target (istgt) file-based and device-based extents.? Basic iSCSI ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Does NAS4Free have a file checking utility like Windows' SCANDISK? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Does NAS4Free support Dual Core/Quad Core, virtualization, HyperThreading, SpeedStep? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Does NAS4Free support nested / hybrid RAID levels like 10, 15, 50, etc.? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Does Quixplorer ( Advanced File Manager ) have a problem displaying symlinks? Advanced Basic NAS4Free Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I backup my data by swapping disks or using snapshots if I am using SoftRAID1? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I change the default user Lighttpd runs as? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I check / see the size of my RAM drive or any mounted drive for that matter? Advanced Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I downgrade my NAS4Free OS? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I easily, quickly and completely wipe / prepare a disk for use? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix "NT_STATUS_NO_SUCH_USER" errors? Basic Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix a mis-configured / messed up service or Daemon that prevents my system from booting? Advanced General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix file system damage that prevents me from mounting my UFS formatted drive? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix my drive / RAID array failing to mount after a power outage or similar, major crash? It was working great for months and now it just shows "ERROR - RETRY" or stops / freezes during boot.? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix the "Fatal Trap 18:Interger Divide Fault" error which prevents NAS4Free booting? Basic Install NAS4Free ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix the "smb_pwd_check_ntlmv1: incorrect password length" errors I keep seeing in my logs? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I get root access to my system without logging in as "root"? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I identify which /dev is which physical hard drive? Which drive is which?!? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I install additional packages or commands that aren't included in NAS4Free? Advanced Packages ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I install NAS4Free without a DVD/CD drive? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.3.0.2
Q: How can I login and post on the NAS4Free forum? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I make sure people using my server via SSH / SFTP, FileZilla, WinSCP cannot see anything except their own folder / directory? Advanced Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I recover or reset a lost or forgotten WebGUI or root username and/or password? Basic Basic NAS4Free Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I run commands as root (sudo)? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I save or view logs when using Embedded or LiveCD platforms since the logs get erased at boot? Advanced Basic NAS4Free Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I upgrade my NAS4Free OS ? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I use the NAS4Free Embedded.img.xz file? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.3.0.2
Q: How can I verify data copied / moved is accurate and not corrupted? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How come my script works in shell when invoked manually but not in CRON? Advanced Scripts and shell tips ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I configure NAS4Free to work with Active Directory? I've been trying for days and can't figure out how to manage Users & Groups from my Domain! Advanced Active Directory ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I copy all files from inside /mnt/File/ and place them inside /mnt/320gb/? Basic Scripts and shell tips ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I easily set-up my server so I can read / write files and Windows clients using CIFS/SMB (SAMBA) don't have to login and can only read files? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix CNID related errors that make AFP shares unaccessible, why does AFP stop working? Basic AFP ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix error "413 - Request Entity Too Large" that I get when upgrading? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix errors "pid 2352 (smbd), uid 21 inumber 3006 on /: filesystem full" that appear in the logs? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "Can't load kernel" error I get when booting NAS4Free installed on disk? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "GEOM: adn: corrupt or invalid GPT detected" and "GEOM: adn: GPT rejected -- may not be recoverable" errors that appear together in the logs or at boot time? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "GEOM: adn: the secondary GPT table is corrupt or invalid " errors that appear in the logs or at boot time? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "Interrupt Storm on IRQnn; throttling interrupt source" errors that appear in the logs? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "login name contains invalid characters" error on WebGUI Tab> Access Users Add ? Basic Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "WARNING: /mnt/MyStuff was not properly dismounted" errors that appear in the logs or at boot time? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I make sure my NAS4Free server is secure? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I manually stop and start the WebGUI? Advanced Scripts and shell tips ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I manually stop and start the webserver? Advanced Webserver ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I mount my drives? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I mount the data partition on my OS drive? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I mount/map a CIFS/SMB/SAMBA/Windows share/shared folder on my NAS4Free server? Advanced Scripts and shell tips ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I prevent Quixplorer ( Advanced File Manager ) being used as a back door to my server? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I remove / replace a disk in a SoftRAID1 array ? Basic Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I remove / replace a disk in a SoftRAID5 array? Basic Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I remove / replace a failed disk in a ZFS array ? Basic ZFS ( only! ) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I upgrade/replace/clone my USB Flash drive/CF card running Embedded platform? Advanced Upgrade NAS4Free ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do you set a file/directory creation mask in the CIFS/SMB service? Advanced CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How much do I have to pay to get and use NAS4Free. Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How often is NAS4Free documentation updated? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How to enable serial console on NAS4Free? Advanced Other hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: I changed some ports and now cannot access the WebGUI, how do I fix this? Advanced General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: I've properly configured my network interface fwe0 but the server is not on the network, how do I fix this? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: If I install the "Full" platform (Full Installation) am I then able to configure the boot partition size(s)? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is it possible to create a RAID array using a slice or partition instead of the whole disk? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is it possible to extend the CF partition beyond 35 MB to take advantage of the additional capacity? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is it possible to install Full platform on a drive smaller than 128MB? Advanced Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is it possible to set up NAS4Free to send a email when a RAID array / disk is near full or degraded?? Advanced Basic Storage Concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is it possible to use the webserver (lighttpd) to host more than 1 website? Advanced Webserver ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is NAS4Free a "turnkey system"? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is NAS4Free DLNA certified or compliant? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there a reason why a "Full" platform install won't work on CF? To the BIOS it just looks a HD. Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there a way to encrypt passwords in config.xml? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there a way to migrate or copy an installed OS to a new boot or different drive? Advanced Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there a way to secure / password protect the server console and drive data in case my NAS4Free server is stolen? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there any way to expand/grow a RAID array without having to backup and restore all my data? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there any way to get an alarm or notification that my RAID array is degraded or my disk is getting full? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there any way to get the functionality of dRobo or XRaid2 or UnRAID in NAS4Free? Advanced ZFS ( only! ) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Should I install "Embedded" or "Full" platform if I want to run NAS4Free from hard-disk? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Should I use so called "Green" drives in a NAS system and what is WDIDLE? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What additional information should I include with Report Generator if I need help fixing my SoftRAID array? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What are groups, how can I use them and what do they do? Advanced Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What are the advantages / disadvantages of Live CD / Embedded vs. Full platform? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What are the different shells I can assign to a user in 9.0.0.1 and when would I change this setting? Advanced Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What can I do if FreeBSD claims to support my hardware but NAS4Free does not include the drivers I need? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What can I do if FSCK cannot fix my file system and / or I get "Bad Inode Number", ""Bad Super Block" or "Magic Number" errors when running FSCK? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What can I do to fix "smbd/service.c:make_connection(1191)" and "couldn't find service" errors I keep seeing in the logs? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What can I do to fix "WARNING - READ_DMA" errors that show up in the log? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What can I do to make sure my installation of NAS4Free goes smoothly? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What do I have to select when I want to mount a partition or a software RAID array? Right now I get only "Error Retry". Basic Configuration ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What do I need to do to setup different file / folder access for my Windows clients / users? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What features will not be implemented in the main, core release ? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is a NAS4Free extension ? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is a slice? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is and what causes "device name shifting syndrome" and how can I avoid or fix it? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is different about fsck_ufs when run on the command line vs. running it in the WebGUI? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the best way to backup & restore my NAS4Free system partition? Basic Data recovery and backups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the best, safe way to enlarge a SoftwareRAID array? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the difference between x64 and x86 platform? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the fastest way to copy my data from one NAS4Free drive to another NAS4Free drive? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the right port name for my UPS? Basic UPS ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the wheel group and how do you add users to it? Basic Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What Operating System is NAS4Free based on? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What should I check before reporting a problem or posting a question in the Forum? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What should I take into consideration before adding / changing / upgrading controllers and / or Mother Boards, or BIOS settings that affect hard drives? Basic Upgrade NAS4Free ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What software are included in NAS4Free? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What's the difference between LiveCD / Embedded vs. Full platform? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What's the difference between the .ISO and the .IMG files I can download to install NAS4Free? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: When I tried drag and drop or copy and paste the server started transfer/copy then reboots/freezes/hangs. Is there a way to fix this? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find a list of hardware compatible with NAS4Free/FreeBSD? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find a list of UPS ( Uninterruptible Power Supplies) / Battery Backup Units that are known to work with NAS4Free and Network UPS Tools? Basic UPS ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find a list/images of hardware others have used to build NAS4Free servers? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find really old versions of NAS4Free? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find release notes and change logs for alpha builds and major releases? Basic Developers ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where I can find the official NAS4Free license? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Who are the developers of NAS4Free? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Who develops NAS4Free extensions ? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Who should be responsible for creation and maintenance of plug-ins and/or extensions? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why are hard drives ( devices ) and partitions ( slices ) named the way they are? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why are manual changes to configuration files (like SMB.CONF) not saved after a reboot? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why are some of my disks / RAID missing or not displayed properly in WebGUI after adding a new controller to the server, changing BIOS settings or changing to a new Mother Board? Basic Upgrade NAS4Free ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why can I not login using Windows 7, 8 and Vista clients when XP clients work fine with CIFS/SMB? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why can't I create files/directories from my Windows client, even though the manual states that after I enable CIFS/SMB I should be able to login to my NAS4Free server by typing "\\MyServer"? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why can't I format my disk / hard drive or create a ZFS pool with it? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why can't I modify permissions in Quixplorer ( Advanced File Manager )? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why do I get "Broken pipe", "Failed to dd image" or "There was a problem while copying files" error when installing to a USB flash drive or CF card? Advanced Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why do I see "ZFS WARNING: Recommended minimum RAM size is 512MB; expect unstable behavior." every boot? Basic Install NAS4Free ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why do iTunes/DAAP, UPnP or BitTorrent/Transmission crash with "filesystem full" error? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why does my configuration reset to the default after I reboot, even though I've installed NAS4Free? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why does NAS4Free hang/freeze on boot/POST screen even though I successfully installed and formatted my drive? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why does Windows Explorer report wrong Free & Used space for shared drives? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why doesn't Quixplorer ( Advanced File Manager ) display file names properly in my language? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why doesn't the Dynamic DNS service work with my free DNS provider / service? Basic Dynamic DNS ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is booting from USB so slow and can it be made faster? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is my / file system full? Advanced Basic NAS4Free Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is my hardware NOT supported by NAS4Free/FreeBSD ? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why IS my hardware supported by NAS4Free/FreeBSD ? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is my RAID array degraded when all the drives report they are online, none of them are missing or appear to be bad? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is the network speed so slow? Basic Networking Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is the size of my hard drive so much smaller than I think it should be? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is the size of my OS hard drive only 738Gb or 992Gb even though I am installing NAS4Free on the BIGGEST drive currently made? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why won't someone write a device driver or provide support for my hardware? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Will the NAS4Free team make or write a device driver for my unsupported hardware if I ask nicely? Basic Hardware ⇒ All versions
Q: Which is best, hardware RAID, vs Software RAID, vs ZFS ? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒ All versions
documentation/faq.txt · Last modified: 2017/01/22 13:10 by zoon01